Kucukarslan, SN; Hagan, AM; Shimp, LA; Gaither, CA; Lewis, NJ. (2011). Integrating medication therapy management in the primary care medical home: A review of randomized controlled trials. American Journal of Health System-Pharmacy. 68(4), 335-45.
Format: Author, AB; . (Year of publication). Book title. Place of publication : Publisher.
Ruben, A. (2005). Research methods for social work. Belmont, CA : Thomson/Brooks/Cole.
Format: Author, AB; . (Year of publication). Chapter title. In: editors (Eds.) Book title. (chapter pages). Place of publication : Publisher.
Cherny, NI. (2004). The problem of suffering. In D. Doyle, et al. (Eds.) Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine. (pp.7-13). New York : Oxford University Press.
e-Book – e-Book format should only be used if item is exclusively online, or difficult to find in print.
Format: Author, AB; . (Year of publication). Book title. Place of publication : E-book vendor. Retrieved from URL. Aubuchon, N. (1997). The anatomy of persuasion. Boulder, Colo. : NetLibrary, Inc. Retrieved from #/summary.asp?ID=2103.
Web site [1 page document] –
Format: Author, AB; . (Date of publication). Web site title. Publisher. Retrieved date from URL. Barclay, L. (2011, Feb 28). AAP Issues Guidelines on Limiting Sun Exposure in Children. Medscape. Retrieved 2/28/2011 from #/viewarticle/738074.
Web site [more than 1 page]:
Format: Author, AB; . (Date of publication). Web site title. Publisher. Retrieved date from URL.
Format: Author, AB; . (Date of publication). Article title. Publication title. Retrieved date from database. Potter, H. (2002, May 17). Euthanasia and society. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 8, 2003, from Academic Search Premier.
APA’s In-Text Citations use the author-year system.
Example at end of sentence: (Johnson, 2011)
Example in text: Johnson et al. (2011) found that the lack of copyright information available provided a direct correlation to the comfort of faculty members interpreting copyright law. (p. 3)
Author, AA. (Year of publication). Title of work. (Report number). Place of publication: Publisher;
US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2003). Managing asthma: A guide for schools. (NIH Publication No. 02-2650). Retrieved from #/health/prof/lung/asthma/asth_sch.pdf.
Von Ledebur, S.C. (2007). Optimizing knowledge transfer by new employees in companies. Knowledge Management Research & Practice.Advance online publication. doi: 10.1057/palgrave.kmrp.8500141.
Practice Guideline Synthesis (accessed from National Guideline Clearinghouse):
Author. (date of publication). Guideline synthesis: guideline title. In: National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) [Web site]. Place of publication: Publisher of guideline. Available from: #.
National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC). (2008). Guideline synthesis: Screening for breast cancer. In: National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) [Web site]. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Available from: #
If citing the full guideline, then cite the guideline as it appeared in the journal.